The Atlantic was built in 1903 by Townsend and Downey shipyard, and designed by William Gardner, for Wilson Marshall. The three-masted schooner was skippered by Charlie Barr and it set the record for fastest transatlantic passage by a monohull in the 1905 Kaiser’s Cup race. The record remained unbroken for nearly 100 years.
Fishermen have always been proud of the superiority of their craft. Since the middle of the 19th century, owners of fishing schooners have engaged in keen rivalry to prove their mettle by racing for the Thomas Lipton trophy. Over the years this contest turned into Canadian-American rivalry. The Bluenose, of Halifax, carried a sailors nickname for men and boats hailing from Nova Scotia. She was the outstanding champion on the Canadian side. The schooner Bluenose was built in Nova Scotia in 1921 to fish the rough waters off the coast of Newfoundland. A salt banker type, she stayed out until Her holds were full of fish, using salt to preserve her catch. During prohibition, she was used as a rumrunner. The Bluenose was lost off Haiti in 1946.
Built from high grade steel – flushed rivet plating, RANGER was launched on 11th May 1937. Having nearly lost the 1934 America’s Cup race to the Royal Yacht Club, Harold Vanderbilt took special pains to build a faster boat next time around. She was the Ranger, and dominated the 1937 Cup Season. The Ranger was designed by Sterling Burgess together with the Stephens brothers, who later became famous for their many S&S yacht designs. A typical J-yacht crew included some 26 professionals. The Ranger was all about racing, huge white sails, a flush deck with hardly any built structures, and beautiful lines. Vanderbilt personally financed the whole project, estimated at the time at over half a millon dollars.