Fishermen have always been proud of the superiority of their craft. Since the middle of the 19th century, owners of fishing schooners have engaged in keen rivalry to prove their mettle by racing for the Thomas Lipton trophy. Over the years this contest turned into Canadian-American rivalry. The Bluenose, of Halifax, carried a sailors nickname for men and boats hailing from Nova Scotia. She was the outstanding champion on the Canadian side. The schooner Bluenose was built in Nova Scotia in 1921 to fish the rough waters off the coast of Newfoundland. A salt banker type, she stayed out until Her holds were full of fish, using salt to preserve her catch. During prohibition, she was used as a rumrunner. The Bluenose was lost off Haiti in 1946.
The famous America’s Cup J-class racing Yacht the 131 ft. Endeavour, she raced from 1933 to 1937. Owned by the famous yacht builder T.O.M. Sopwith the Endeavour won many famous races against Sir Thomas Liptons Shamrock V. She was rescued and restored to her Original beauty by philanthropist Elizabeth Meyer. She can be seen Sailing or at dock in Newport, RI harbour today.
The Atlantic was built in 1903 by Townsend and Downey shipyard, and designed by William Gardner, for Wilson Marshall. The three-masted schooner was skippered by Charlie Barr and it set the record for fastest transatlantic passage by a monohull in the 1905 Kaiser’s Cup race. The record remained unbroken for nearly 100 years.
America which was modeled on the state-of-the-art pilot ships of New York astonished people from the moment she arrived in Europe. Her reversed bow, like a Clipper-ship, her tin plating, and her sails of vertical layers of cotton, laced to the masts, had never been seen before.